There are few ways to find your STEAM ID

While connected on the server

To find your Steam ID, connect to a server and then in your console type "status".

Your Steam ID is displayed beside your nickname in the format STEAM_X:X:XXXXXX.
This does not work on LAN server or while Steam is offline.

Using 3rd party websites

To find your Steam ID via 3rd party website (such as steamidfinder.comhttps://steamid.xyz/), you first need to go to your steam profile.
You can do it by pressing this link: http://steamcommunity.com/my/profile

Once you click on that, you should be forwarded to your steam account. In the address bar it should look like this : http://steamcommunity.com/profiles/76561198047834xxx.

Copy that link and paste it on one of the following websites. You should get your Steam ID now.